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getaddrinfo.c

/* $USAGI: getaddrinfo.c,v 1.16 2001/10/04 09:52:03 sekiya Exp $ */

/* The Inner Net License, Version 2.00

  The author(s) grant permission for redistribution and use in source and
binary forms, with or without modification, of the software and documentation
provided that the following conditions are met:

0. If you receive a version of the software that is specifically labelled
   as not being for redistribution (check the version message and/or README),
   you are not permitted to redistribute that version of the software in any
   way or form.
1. All terms of the all other applicable copyrights and licenses must be
   followed.
2. Redistributions of source code must retain the authors' copyright
   notice(s), this list of conditions, and the following disclaimer.
3. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the authors' copyright
   notice(s), this list of conditions, and the following disclaimer in the
   documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
4. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software
   must display the following acknowledgement with the name(s) of the
   authors as specified in the copyright notice(s) substituted where
   indicated:

      This product includes software developed by <name(s)>, The Inner
      Net, and other contributors.

5. Neither the name(s) of the author(s) nor the names of its contributors
   may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
   without specific prior written permission.

THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY ITS AUTHORS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND ANY
EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED
WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE
DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY
DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
(INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES;
LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON
ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
(INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS
SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.

  If these license terms cause you a real problem, contact the author.  */

/* This software is Copyright 1996 by Craig Metz, All Rights Reserved.  */

#define _GNU_SOURCE
#define __FORCE_GLIBC
#include <features.h>
#include <assert.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <netdb.h>
#include <resolv.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/un.h>
#include <sys/utsname.h>
#include <net/if.h>

/* The following declarations and definitions have been removed from
 *    the public header since we don't want people to use them.  */
#define AI_V4MAPPED     0x0008  /* IPv4-mapped addresses are acceptable.  */
#define AI_ALL          0x0010  /* Return both IPv4 and IPv6 addresses.  */
#define AI_ADDRCONFIG   0x0020  /* Use configuration of this host to choose 
                            returned address type.  */
#define AI_DEFAULT    (AI_V4MAPPED | AI_ADDRCONFIG)


#define GAIH_OKIFUNSPEC 0x0100
#define GAIH_EAI        ~(GAIH_OKIFUNSPEC)

#ifndef UNIX_PATH_MAX
#define UNIX_PATH_MAX  108
#endif

struct gaih_service
{
    const char *name;
    int num;
};

struct gaih_servtuple
{
    struct gaih_servtuple *next;
    int socktype;
    int protocol;
    int port;
};

static const struct gaih_servtuple nullserv;

struct gaih_addrtuple
{
    struct gaih_addrtuple *next;
    int family;
    char addr[16];
    uint32_t scopeid;
};

struct gaih_typeproto
{
    int socktype;
    int protocol;
    char name[4];
    int protoflag;
};

/* Values for `protoflag'.  */
#define GAI_PROTO_NOSERVICE   1
#define GAI_PROTO_PROTOANY    2

static const struct gaih_typeproto gaih_inet_typeproto[] =
{
    { 0, 0, "", 0 },
    { SOCK_STREAM, IPPROTO_TCP, "tcp", 0 },
    { SOCK_DGRAM, IPPROTO_UDP, "udp", 0 },
    { SOCK_RAW, 0, "raw", GAI_PROTO_PROTOANY|GAI_PROTO_NOSERVICE },
    { 0, 0, "", 0 }
};

struct gaih
{
    int family;
    int (*gaih)(const char *name, const struct gaih_service *service,
            const struct addrinfo *req, struct addrinfo **pai);
};

#if PF_UNSPEC == 0
static const struct addrinfo default_hints;
#else
static const struct addrinfo default_hints =
{ 0, PF_UNSPEC, 0, 0, 0, NULL, NULL, NULL };
#endif


static int addrconfig (sa_family_t af)
{
    int s;
    int ret;
    int saved_errno = errno;
    s = socket(af, SOCK_DGRAM, 0);
    if (s < 0)
      ret = (errno == EMFILE) ? 1 : 0;
    else
    {
      close(s);
      ret = 1;
    }
    __set_errno (saved_errno);
    return ret;
}

#if 0
/* Using Unix sockets this way is a security risk.  */
static int
gaih_local (const char *name, const struct gaih_service *service,
          const struct addrinfo *req, struct addrinfo **pai)
{
    struct utsname utsname;

    if ((name != NULL) && (req->ai_flags & AI_NUMERICHOST))
      return GAIH_OKIFUNSPEC | -EAI_NONAME;

    if ((name != NULL) || (req->ai_flags & AI_CANONNAME))
      if (uname (&utsname) < 0)
          return -EAI_SYSTEM;

    if (name != NULL)
    {
      if (strcmp(name, "localhost") &&
          strcmp(name, "local") &&
          strcmp(name, "unix") &&
          strcmp(name, utsname.nodename))
          return GAIH_OKIFUNSPEC | -EAI_NONAME;
    }

    if (req->ai_protocol || req->ai_socktype)
    {
      const struct gaih_typeproto *tp = gaih_inet_typeproto + 1;

      while (tp->name[0]
             && ((tp->protoflag & GAI_PROTO_NOSERVICE) != 0
               || (req->ai_socktype != 0 && req->ai_socktype != tp->socktype)
               || (req->ai_protocol != 0
                   && !(tp->protoflag & GAI_PROTO_PROTOANY)
                   && req->ai_protocol != tp->protocol)))
          ++tp;

      if (! tp->name[0])
      {
          if (req->ai_socktype)
            return (GAIH_OKIFUNSPEC | -EAI_SOCKTYPE);
          else
            return (GAIH_OKIFUNSPEC | -EAI_SERVICE);
      }
    }

    *pai = malloc (sizeof (struct addrinfo) + sizeof (struct sockaddr_un)
               + ((req->ai_flags & AI_CANONNAME)
                  ? (strlen(utsname.nodename) + 1): 0));
    if (*pai == NULL)
      return -EAI_MEMORY;

    (*pai)->ai_next = NULL;
    (*pai)->ai_flags = req->ai_flags;
    (*pai)->ai_family = AF_LOCAL;
    (*pai)->ai_socktype = req->ai_socktype ? req->ai_socktype : SOCK_STREAM;
    (*pai)->ai_protocol = req->ai_protocol;
    (*pai)->ai_addrlen = sizeof (struct sockaddr_un);
    (*pai)->ai_addr = (void *) (*pai) + sizeof (struct addrinfo);

#if SALEN
    ((struct sockaddr_un *) (*pai)->ai_addr)->sun_len =
      sizeof (struct sockaddr_un);
#endif /* SALEN */

    ((struct sockaddr_un *)(*pai)->ai_addr)->sun_family = AF_LOCAL;
    memset(((struct sockaddr_un *)(*pai)->ai_addr)->sun_path, 0, UNIX_PATH_MAX);

    if (service)
    {
      struct sockaddr_un *sunp = (struct sockaddr_un *) (*pai)->ai_addr;

      if (strchr (service->name, '/') != NULL)
      {
          if (strlen (service->name) >= sizeof (sunp->sun_path))
            return GAIH_OKIFUNSPEC | -EAI_SERVICE;

          strcpy (sunp->sun_path, service->name);
      }
      else
      {
          if (strlen (P_tmpdir "/") + 1 + strlen (service->name) >=
            sizeof (sunp->sun_path))
            return GAIH_OKIFUNSPEC | -EAI_SERVICE;

          __stpcpy (__stpcpy (sunp->sun_path, P_tmpdir "/"), service->name);
      }
    }
    else
    {
      /* This is a dangerous use of the interface since there is a time
         window between the test for the file and the actual creation
         (done by the caller) in which a file with the same name could
         be created.  */
      char *buf = ((struct sockaddr_un *) (*pai)->ai_addr)->sun_path;

      if (__builtin_expect (__path_search (buf, L_tmpnam, NULL, NULL, 0),
                        0) != 0
          || __builtin_expect (__gen_tempname (buf, __GT_NOCREATE), 0) != 0)
          return -EAI_SYSTEM;
    }

    if (req->ai_flags & AI_CANONNAME)
      (*pai)->ai_canonname = strcpy ((char *) *pai + sizeof (struct addrinfo)
                               + sizeof (struct sockaddr_un),
                               utsname.nodename);
    else
      (*pai)->ai_canonname = NULL;
    return 0;
}
#endif      /* 0 */

static int
gaih_inet_serv (const char *servicename, const struct gaih_typeproto *tp,
            const struct addrinfo *req, struct gaih_servtuple *st)
{
    struct servent *s;
    size_t tmpbuflen = 1024;
    struct servent ts;
    char *tmpbuf;
    int r;

    do
    {
      tmpbuf = alloca (tmpbuflen);

      r = getservbyname_r (servicename, tp->name, &ts, tmpbuf, tmpbuflen,
                       &s);
      if (r != 0 || s == NULL)
      {
          if (r == ERANGE)
            tmpbuflen *= 2;
          else
            return GAIH_OKIFUNSPEC | -EAI_SERVICE;
      }
    }
    while (r);

    st->next = NULL;
    st->socktype = tp->socktype;
    st->protocol = ((tp->protoflag & GAI_PROTO_PROTOANY)
                ? req->ai_protocol : tp->protocol);
    st->port = s->s_port;

    return 0;
}

#define gethosts(_family, _type)                            \
{                                                     \
    int i, herrno;                                          \
    size_t tmpbuflen;                                       \
    struct hostent th;                                      \
    char *tmpbuf;                                     \
    tmpbuflen = 512;                                        \
    no_data = 0;                                      \
    do {                                              \
      tmpbuflen *= 2;                                       \
      tmpbuf = alloca (tmpbuflen);                          \
      rc = gethostbyname2_r (name, _family, &th, tmpbuf,          \
                         tmpbuflen, &h, &herrno);                 \
    } while (rc == ERANGE && herrno == NETDB_INTERNAL);                 \
    if (rc != 0)                                      \
    {                                                 \
      if (herrno == NETDB_INTERNAL)                         \
      {                                               \
          __set_h_errno (herrno);                           \
            return -EAI_SYSTEM;                             \
      }                                               \
      if (herrno == TRY_AGAIN)                              \
          no_data = EAI_AGAIN;                              \
      else                                            \
          no_data = herrno == NO_DATA;                      \
    }                                                 \
    else if (h != NULL)                                     \
    {                                                 \
      for (i = 0; h->h_addr_list[i]; i++)                   \
      {                                               \
          if (*pat == NULL) {                               \
            *pat = alloca (sizeof(struct gaih_addrtuple));        \
                (*pat)->scopeid = 0;                        \
          }                                           \
          (*pat)->next = NULL;                              \
            (*pat)->family = _family;                       \
            memcpy ((*pat)->addr, h->h_addr_list[i],        \
                  sizeof(_type));                           \
            pat = &((*pat)->next);                          \
      }                                               \
    }                                                 \
}

static int
gaih_inet (const char *name, const struct gaih_service *service,
         const struct addrinfo *req, struct addrinfo **pai)
{
    const struct gaih_typeproto *tp = gaih_inet_typeproto;
    struct gaih_servtuple *st = (struct gaih_servtuple *) &nullserv;
    struct gaih_addrtuple *at = NULL;
    int rc;
    int v4mapped = (req->ai_family == PF_UNSPEC || req->ai_family == PF_INET6) &&
      (req->ai_flags & AI_V4MAPPED);

    if (req->ai_protocol || req->ai_socktype)
    {
      ++tp;

      while (tp->name[0]
             && ((req->ai_socktype != 0 && req->ai_socktype != tp->socktype)
               || (req->ai_protocol != 0
                   && !(tp->protoflag & GAI_PROTO_PROTOANY)
                   && req->ai_protocol != tp->protocol)))
          ++tp;

      if (! tp->name[0])
      {
          if (req->ai_socktype)
            return (GAIH_OKIFUNSPEC | -EAI_SOCKTYPE);
          else
            return (GAIH_OKIFUNSPEC | -EAI_SERVICE);
      }
    }

    if (service != NULL)
    {
      if ((tp->protoflag & GAI_PROTO_NOSERVICE) != 0)
          return (GAIH_OKIFUNSPEC | -EAI_SERVICE);

      if (service->num < 0)
      {
          if (tp->name[0])
          {
            st = (struct gaih_servtuple *)
                alloca (sizeof (struct gaih_servtuple));

            if ((rc = gaih_inet_serv (service->name, tp, req, st)))
                return rc;
          }
          else
          {
            struct gaih_servtuple **pst = &st;
            for (tp++; tp->name[0]; tp++)
            {
                struct gaih_servtuple *newp;

                if ((tp->protoflag & GAI_PROTO_NOSERVICE) != 0)
                  continue;

                if (req->ai_socktype != 0
                  && req->ai_socktype != tp->socktype)
                  continue;
                if (req->ai_protocol != 0
                  && !(tp->protoflag & GAI_PROTO_PROTOANY)
                  && req->ai_protocol != tp->protocol)
                  continue;

                newp = (struct gaih_servtuple *)
                  alloca (sizeof (struct gaih_servtuple));

                if ((rc = gaih_inet_serv (service->name, tp, req, newp)))
                {
                  if (rc & GAIH_OKIFUNSPEC)
                      continue;
                  return rc;
                }

                *pst = newp;
                pst = &(newp->next);
            }
            if (st == (struct gaih_servtuple *) &nullserv)
                return (GAIH_OKIFUNSPEC | -EAI_SERVICE);
          }
      }
      else
      {
          st = alloca (sizeof (struct gaih_servtuple));
          st->next = NULL;
          st->socktype = tp->socktype;
          st->protocol = ((tp->protoflag & GAI_PROTO_PROTOANY)
                      ? req->ai_protocol : tp->protocol);
          st->port = htons (service->num);
      }
    }
    else if (req->ai_socktype || req->ai_protocol)
    {
      st = alloca (sizeof (struct gaih_servtuple));
      st->next = NULL;
      st->socktype = tp->socktype;
      st->protocol = ((tp->protoflag & GAI_PROTO_PROTOANY)
                  ? req->ai_protocol : tp->protocol);
      st->port = 0;
    }
    else
    {
      /* 
       * Neither socket type nor protocol is set.  Return all socket types
       * we know about.
       */
      struct gaih_servtuple **lastp = &st;
      for (++tp; tp->name[0]; ++tp)
      {
          struct gaih_servtuple *newp;

          newp = alloca (sizeof (struct gaih_servtuple));
          newp->next = NULL;
          newp->socktype = tp->socktype;
          newp->protocol = tp->protocol;
          newp->port = 0;

          *lastp = newp;
          lastp = &newp->next;
      }
    }

    if (name != NULL)
    {
      at = alloca (sizeof (struct gaih_addrtuple));

      at->family = AF_UNSPEC;
      at->scopeid = 0;
      at->next = NULL;

      if (inet_pton (AF_INET, name, at->addr) > 0)
      {
          if (req->ai_family == AF_UNSPEC || req->ai_family == AF_INET || v4mapped)
            at->family = AF_INET;
          else
            return -EAI_FAMILY;
      }

#if __UCLIBC_HAS_IPV6__
      if (at->family == AF_UNSPEC)
      {
          char *namebuf = strdupa (name);
          char *scope_delim;

          scope_delim = strchr (namebuf, SCOPE_DELIMITER);
          if (scope_delim != NULL)
            *scope_delim = '\0';

          if (inet_pton (AF_INET6, namebuf, at->addr) > 0)
          {
            if (req->ai_family == AF_UNSPEC || req->ai_family == AF_INET6)
                at->family = AF_INET6;
            else
                return -EAI_FAMILY;

            if (scope_delim != NULL)
            {
                int try_numericscope = 0;
                if (IN6_IS_ADDR_LINKLOCAL (at->addr)
                  || IN6_IS_ADDR_MC_LINKLOCAL (at->addr))
                {
                  at->scopeid = if_nametoindex (scope_delim + 1);
                  if (at->scopeid == 0)
                      try_numericscope = 1;
                }
                else
                  try_numericscope = 1;

                if (try_numericscope != 0)
                {
                  char *end;
                  assert (sizeof (uint32_t) <= sizeof (unsigned long));
                  at->scopeid = (uint32_t) strtoul (scope_delim + 1, &end,
                                            10);
                  if (*end != '\0')
                      return GAIH_OKIFUNSPEC | -EAI_NONAME;
                }
            }
          }
      }
#endif

      if (at->family == AF_UNSPEC && (req->ai_flags & AI_NUMERICHOST) == 0)
      {
          struct hostent *h;
          struct gaih_addrtuple **pat = &at;
          int no_data = 0;
          int no_inet6_data;

          /*
           * If we are looking for both IPv4 and IPv6 address we don't want
           * the lookup functions to automatically promote IPv4 addresses to
           * IPv6 addresses.
           */

#if __UCLIBC_HAS_IPV6__
          if (req->ai_family == AF_UNSPEC || req->ai_family == AF_INET6)
            gethosts (AF_INET6, struct in6_addr);
#endif
          no_inet6_data = no_data;

          if (req->ai_family == AF_INET ||
            (!v4mapped && req->ai_family == AF_UNSPEC) ||
            (v4mapped && (no_inet6_data != 0 || (req->ai_flags & AI_ALL))))
            gethosts (AF_INET, struct in_addr);

          if (no_data != 0 && no_inet6_data != 0)
          {
            /* If both requests timed out report this. */
            if (no_data == EAI_AGAIN && no_inet6_data == EAI_AGAIN)
                return -EAI_AGAIN;

            /*
             * We made requests but they turned out no data.
             * The name is known, though.
             */
            return (GAIH_OKIFUNSPEC | -EAI_AGAIN);
          }
      }

      if (at->family == AF_UNSPEC)
          return (GAIH_OKIFUNSPEC | -EAI_NONAME);
    }
    else
    {
      struct gaih_addrtuple *atr;
      atr = at = alloca (sizeof (struct gaih_addrtuple));
      memset (at, '\0', sizeof (struct gaih_addrtuple));

      if (req->ai_family == 0)
      {
          at->next = alloca (sizeof (struct gaih_addrtuple));
          memset (at->next, '\0', sizeof (struct gaih_addrtuple));
      }

#if __UCLIBC_HAS_IPV6__
      if (req->ai_family == 0 || req->ai_family == AF_INET6)
      {
          extern const struct in6_addr __in6addr_loopback;
          at->family = AF_INET6;
          if ((req->ai_flags & AI_PASSIVE) == 0)
            memcpy (at->addr, &__in6addr_loopback, sizeof (struct in6_addr));
          atr = at->next;
      }
#endif

      if (req->ai_family == 0 || req->ai_family == AF_INET)
      {
          atr->family = AF_INET;
          if ((req->ai_flags & AI_PASSIVE) == 0)
            *(uint32_t *) atr->addr = htonl (INADDR_LOOPBACK);
      }
    }

    if (pai == NULL)
      return 0;

    {
      const char *c = NULL;
      struct gaih_servtuple *st2;
      struct gaih_addrtuple *at2 = at;
      size_t socklen, namelen;
      sa_family_t family;

      /*
       * buffer is the size of an unformatted IPv6 address in
       * printable format.
       */
      char buffer[sizeof "ffff:ffff:ffff:ffff:ffff:ffff:255.255.255.255"];

      while (at2 != NULL)
      {
          if (req->ai_flags & AI_CANONNAME)
          {
            struct hostent *h = NULL;

            int herrno;
            struct hostent th;
            size_t tmpbuflen = 512;
            char *tmpbuf;

            do
            {
                tmpbuflen *= 2;
                tmpbuf = alloca (tmpbuflen);

                if (tmpbuf == NULL)
                  return -EAI_MEMORY;

                rc = gethostbyaddr_r (at2->addr,
                                ((at2->family == AF_INET6)
                                 ? sizeof(struct in6_addr)
                                 : sizeof(struct in_addr)),
                                at2->family, &th, tmpbuf, tmpbuflen,
                                &h, &herrno);

            }
            while (rc == errno && herrno == NETDB_INTERNAL);

            if (rc != 0 && herrno == NETDB_INTERNAL)
            {
                __set_h_errno (herrno);
                return -EAI_SYSTEM;
            }

            if (h == NULL)
                c = inet_ntop (at2->family, at2->addr, buffer, sizeof(buffer));
            else
                c = h->h_name;

            if (c == NULL)
                return GAIH_OKIFUNSPEC | -EAI_NONAME;

            namelen = strlen (c) + 1;
          }
          else
            namelen = 0;

#if __UCLIBC_HAS_IPV6__
          if (at2->family == AF_INET6 || v4mapped)
          {
            family = AF_INET6;
            socklen = sizeof (struct sockaddr_in6);
          }
          else
#endif
          {
            family = AF_INET;
            socklen = sizeof (struct sockaddr_in);
          }

          for (st2 = st; st2 != NULL; st2 = st2->next)
          {
            *pai = malloc (sizeof (struct addrinfo) + socklen + namelen);
            if (*pai == NULL)
                return -EAI_MEMORY;

            (*pai)->ai_flags = req->ai_flags;
            (*pai)->ai_family = family;
            (*pai)->ai_socktype = st2->socktype;
            (*pai)->ai_protocol = st2->protocol;
            (*pai)->ai_addrlen = socklen;
            (*pai)->ai_addr = (void *) (*pai) + sizeof(struct addrinfo);
#if SALEN
            (*pai)->ai_addr->sa_len = socklen;
#endif /* SALEN */
            (*pai)->ai_addr->sa_family = family;

#if __UCLIBC_HAS_IPV6__
            if (family == AF_INET6)
            {
                struct sockaddr_in6 *sin6p =
                  (struct sockaddr_in6 *) (*pai)->ai_addr;

                sin6p->sin6_flowinfo = 0;
                if (at2->family == AF_INET6)
                {
                  memcpy (&sin6p->sin6_addr,
                        at2->addr, sizeof (struct in6_addr));
                }
                else
                {
                  sin6p->sin6_addr.s6_addr32[0] = 0;
                  sin6p->sin6_addr.s6_addr32[1] = 0;
                  sin6p->sin6_addr.s6_addr32[2] = htonl(0x0000ffff);
                  memcpy(&sin6p->sin6_addr.s6_addr32[3], 
                         at2->addr, sizeof (sin6p->sin6_addr.s6_addr32[3]));
                }
                sin6p->sin6_port = st2->port;
                sin6p->sin6_scope_id = at2->scopeid;
            }
            else
#endif
            {
                struct sockaddr_in *sinp =
                  (struct sockaddr_in *) (*pai)->ai_addr;

                memcpy (&sinp->sin_addr,
                      at2->addr, sizeof (struct in_addr));
                sinp->sin_port = st2->port;
                memset (sinp->sin_zero, '\0', sizeof (sinp->sin_zero));
            }

            if (c)
            {
                (*pai)->ai_canonname = ((void *) (*pai) +
                                  sizeof (struct addrinfo) + socklen);
                strcpy ((*pai)->ai_canonname, c);
            }
            else
                (*pai)->ai_canonname = NULL;

            (*pai)->ai_next = NULL;
            pai = &((*pai)->ai_next);
          }

          at2 = at2->next;
      }
    }
    return 0;
}

static struct gaih gaih[] =
{
#if __UCLIBC_HAS_IPV6__
    { PF_INET6, gaih_inet },
#endif
    { PF_INET, gaih_inet },
#if 0
    { PF_LOCAL, gaih_local },
#endif
    { PF_UNSPEC, NULL }
};

int
getaddrinfo (const char *name, const char *service,
           const struct addrinfo *hints, struct addrinfo **pai)
{
    int i = 0, j = 0, last_i = 0;
    struct addrinfo *p = NULL, **end;
    struct gaih *g = gaih, *pg = NULL;
    struct gaih_service gaih_service, *pservice;

    if (name != NULL && name[0] == '*' && name[1] == 0)
      name = NULL;

    if (service != NULL && service[0] == '*' && service[1] == 0)
      service = NULL;

    if (name == NULL && service == NULL)
      return EAI_NONAME;

    if (hints == NULL)
      hints = &default_hints;

    if (hints->ai_flags & ~(AI_PASSIVE|AI_CANONNAME|AI_NUMERICHOST|
                      AI_ADDRCONFIG|AI_V4MAPPED|AI_ALL))
      return EAI_BADFLAGS;

    if ((hints->ai_flags & AI_CANONNAME) && name == NULL)
      return EAI_BADFLAGS;

    if (service && service[0])
    {
      char *c;
      gaih_service.name = service;
      gaih_service.num = strtoul (gaih_service.name, &c, 10);
      if (*c)
          gaih_service.num = -1;
      else
          /*
           * Can't specify a numerical socket unless a protocol
           * family was given.
           */
          if (hints->ai_socktype == 0 && hints->ai_protocol == 0)
            return EAI_SERVICE;
      pservice = &gaih_service;
    }
    else
      pservice = NULL;

    if (pai)
      end = &p;
    else
      end = NULL;

    while (g->gaih)
    {
      if (hints->ai_family == g->family || hints->ai_family == AF_UNSPEC)
      {
          if ((hints->ai_flags & AI_ADDRCONFIG) && !addrconfig(g->family))
            continue;
          j++;
          if (pg == NULL || pg->gaih != g->gaih)
          {
            pg = g;
            i = g->gaih (name, pservice, hints, end);
            if (i != 0)
            {
                last_i = i;

                if (hints->ai_family == AF_UNSPEC && (i & GAIH_OKIFUNSPEC))
                  continue;

                if (p)
                  freeaddrinfo (p);

                return -(i & GAIH_EAI);
            }
            if (end)
                while(*end) end = &((*end)->ai_next);
          }
      }
      ++g;
    }

    if (j == 0)
      return EAI_FAMILY;

    if (p)
    {
      *pai = p;
      return 0;
    }

    if (pai == NULL && last_i == 0)
      return 0;

    if (p)
      freeaddrinfo (p);

    return last_i ? -(last_i & GAIH_EAI) : EAI_NONAME;
}

void
freeaddrinfo (struct addrinfo *ai)
{
    struct addrinfo *p;

    while (ai != NULL)
    {
      p = ai;
      ai = ai->ai_next;
      free (p);
    }
}

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